Salem is a somewhat small coastal city (i.e. on the ocean, a bay, or inlet) located in the state of New Jersey. With a population of 4,706 people and seven constituent neighborhoods, Salem is the 314th largest community in New Jersey.
Because occupations involving physical labor dominate the local economy, Salem is generally considered to be a blue-collar town. 39.31% of the Salem workforce is employed in blue-collar occupations, compared to the national average of 27.7%. Overall, Salem is a city of sales and office workers, production and manufacturing workers, and service providers. There are especially a lot of people living in Salem who work in office and administrative support (15.55%), healthcare suport services (9.65%), and sales jobs (8.35%).
One of the nice things about Salem is that it is nautical, which means that parts of it are somewhat historic and touch the ocean or tidal bodies of water, such as inlets and bays. Because of this, visitors and locals will often go to these areas to take in the scenery or to enjoy waterfront activities.
Despite the fact that it is a small city, Salem has quite a few people who take public transportation – mostly the bus - for their daily commute to work. This helps to fill a real need in the city for affordable transportation.
The citizens of Salem have a very low rate of college education: just 7.22% of people over 25 have a bachelor's degree or advanced degree, compared to a national average of 21.84% for all cities.
The per capita income in Salem in 2018 was $17,394, which is low income relative to New Jersey and the nation. This equates to an annual income of $69,576 for a family of four. However, Salem contains both very wealthy and poor people as well. Salem also has one of the higher rates of people living in poverty in the nation, with 42.18% of its population below the federal poverty line.
Salem is an extremely ethnically-diverse city. The people who call Salem home describe themselves as belonging to a variety of racial and ethnic groups. The greatest number of Salem residents report their race to be Black or African-American, followed by White. Salem also has a sizeable Hispanic population (people of Hispanic origin can be of any race). People of Hispanic or Latino origin account for 12.47% of the city’s residents. Important ancestries of people in Salem include Italian, German, Irish, English, and Dutch.
The most common language spoken in Salem is English. Other important languages spoken here include Spanish and Italian.